Peace and security
Slovenia has been actively supporting the endeavours of the UN towards the preservation of peace and stability and therefore contributing to UN Peacekeeping and Peace-Building.
Over 7500 Slovenian soldiers, police and civilian personnel have been deployed to Global Peace Operations all over the World, serving in UN mandated missions, involving other organizations (OSCE, EU and NATO).
Slovenia currently contributes personnel to UN Peacekeeping Operations in the Middle East (UNTSO, UNIFIL) and in the Balkans (UNMIK), where is a priority area of Slovenian interest and activity in contributing to the stability and economic and social development.
PHOTO: Slovenian Armed Forces photo archive
PBC (Peacebuilding Commission) is an intergovernmental advisory body that supports peace efforts in countries emerging from conflict, and is a key addition to the capacity of the international community in the broad peace agenda. It has a unique role in bringing together all of relevant actors, including international donors, the international financial institutions, national governments, troop contributing countries. It marshals resources and advises on the proposing integrated strategies for post-conflict peacebuilding and recovery and where appropriate, highlighting any gaps that threaten to undermine peace.
PBC has Burundi, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Liberia and Central African Republic on its agenda.
PBC was established as an outcome of the 2005 World Summit, with the resolution 60/180 of General Assembly and the Security Council resolution 1645 of 20 December 2005.
PBF (Peacebuilding Fund) was established in October 2006 by Secretary-General, following the request from the General Assembly and the Security Council. The PBF constitutes an essential component of the enhanced UN architecture to provide for a more sustained engagement in support of countries emerging from conflict and will support peacebuilding activities which directly contribute to post-conflict stabilization and strengthen capacity of governments, national and local institutions and transitional or other relevant authorities.
PBF extends fast, relevant and catalytic support to countries and has so far garnered over 400 million USD, from which it is funding 193 projects in 22 countries. These projects cover wide range of areas, such as supporting national peace dialogues, promoting community reconciliation, strengthening rule of law, reforming the security sector, supporting disarmament, demobilization and reintegration, providing economic stimulus for community businesses and addressing youth unemployment.
Slovenia also contributes to the Fund.
Peacemaking and Preventive Action
Peaceful resolution of armed conflicts around the world has been a priority for the United Nations since its establishment more than 70 years ago. United Nations peacemaking has received an additional impetus after the end of the Cold War. The organisation remains focused and highly active in this field. And so is Slovenia.
Slovenia actively supports the increasing of the role of the international community, especially the United Nations, in cooperation with regional and sub-regional organisations, as well as Member States and civil society, in peaceful settlement of disputes, conflict prevention and resolution, in accordance with the United Nations Charter and international law. Special attention should be paid to action at an early stage, when disputes and crises can be prevented from escalating into larger and costlier tragedies.
Conflict prevention goes beyond the preventive diplomacy and includes poverty-eradication and development, respect of human rights and the rule of law, elections and the building of democratic institutions, the control of small arms etc. Accordingly, Slovenia is traditionally active in those areas as well.
Group of Friends for Mediation
Slovenia supports the increasing of the role of mediation in conflict prevention and resolution. Slovenia is a member of the Group of Friends for Mediation. This group regularly negotiates General Assembly's resolutions on the topic, and strives for a more comprehensive approach to mediation – the mediation for sustaining peace - to further progress conflict prevention, management and resolution. The group supports the United Nations Activities in Support of Mediation and other Secretary General's efforts to strengthen mediation capacities within the UN system, and to increase the participation of women and youth in peace processes.
Slovenia participates in various multilateral fora, where disarmament, arms control and non-proliferation endeavors are being pursued, among them the most important are: the First Committee of the General Assembly and the United Nations Disarmament Commission.
Weapons of Mass Destruction
Slovenia is a party to all of the most important international conventions on non-proliferation of nuclear weapons and prohibition of other types of weapons of mass destruction, among others:
Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), which was one of the first treaties to which Slovenia notified succession, after it gained independence. Slovenia has been a member of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) since 21 September 1992; it has been actively involved in IAEA activities in nuclear safety, the protection of nuclear material and radiation protection. Slovenia served as a member of the Board of Governors of the IAEA three times – from 1997 to 1999, from 2005 to 2007, and currently from 2016 to 2018. The election of Slovenia to the IAEA Board of Governors for the third time is a testament of Slovenia's commitment to the Agency. One of 30 countries in the world with nuclear power plants, Slovenia remains a staunch supporter of the peaceful use of nuclear energy. As a member of the Board of Governors, it focuses on nuclear safety and security, technical cooperation, and the implementation of safeguards agreements concluded between the IAEA and its members pursuant to the NPT.
The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), which has not yet entered into force, was signed by Slovenia on 24 September 1996 and ratified on 31 August 1999.
In 1992, Slovenia became a successor to the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction (BTWC) with the Act notifying succession to UN conventions.
In 1993, Slovenia was one of the first countries to sign the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction (CWC). Slovenia ratified the Convention in 1997 when it also entered into force. Slovenia was a member of the OPCW Executive Council from 2000 to 2002.
In the field of conventional arms, Slovenia takes an active part in the fight against anti-personnel mines.
On 3 December 1997, Slovenia signed the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-personnel Mines and Their Destruction (Ottawa Convention), and ratified it on 27 October 1998. In 1998, the Slovenian Government established the International Trust Fund for Demining and Mine Victims Assistance (ITF), which has developed into one of the most useful and valuable projects and development cooperation activities implemented by the Slovenian Government; it is financed through Government’s regular annual donations and the financial assistance of the international community.
Slovenia also supports national and international activities within the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in AllIts Aspects (PoA SALW) and has reported to the UN within this context.
Slovenia is a State Party of all the five protocols to the Convention of the Prohibition or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW).
In 2008, Slovenia signed the Cluster Munition Convention, which was ratified on 19 August 2009.
Slovenia was also one of the first countries to sign and ratify the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT).
Other Non-proliferation and Arms Control Mechanisms and Initiatives
Slovenia supports or is a member of other international nonproliferation and arms control mechanisms and regimes, such as: the UN Register of Conventional Arms, the Zangger Committee, the Nuclear Suppliers Group, the Australia Group, the Wassenaar Arrangement, and the Hague Code of Conduct Against Ballistic Missile Proliferation.
Slovenia is also a member of the Group of Friends of the Resolution 1540 – the group of countries closely committed to aims of non-proliferation.