PRIORITIES OF THE REPUBLIC OF SLOVENIA AT THE 73RD SESSION OF THE UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Slovenia strives for effective multilateralism, with the United Nations (UN) at its core, based on the premise that peace and security, development and human rights are inextricably linked and mutually reinforcing, while respecting international law and the goals and principles of the UN Charter.
Slovenia seeks greater efficiency in the work of the United Nations and greater involvement of other actors, which would strengthen the legitimacy and transparency of international decision-making. In order to be effective and better equipped to tackle contemporary global challenges, the United Nations must become better organised, more modern and more resilient. Therefore Slovenia supports a comprehensive reform of the organisation, including the reform of the Security Council, the revitalization of the General Assembly and the reform efforts of the Secretary-General, which emphasize the importance of preventive and responsible action, as well as more efficient management of the system.
Slovenian activities in the UN General Assembly are traditionally focused on the protection and promotion of human rights, respect for, and strengthening of, international law, conflict prevention and promotion of the concept of human security.
Slovenia is committed to strengthening international peace and security, which, in the face of multidimensional security challenges, calls for a comprehensive approach and enhanced multilateral cooperation, emphasizing preventive action.
Slovenia will also pursue its priorities within the European Union and its priorities, and cooperate with all other Member States.
Slovenia firmly advocates for the principle of the universality, inalienability and indivisibility as well as interdependence and interrelatedness of human rights, and will continue to participate in international human rights forums as a strong supporter of a comprehensive approach to the protection of all human rights. Respect for, protection, enforcement and fulfilment of all human rights for all, regardless of any personal circumstances, remain top priorities for Slovenia, which is also actively involved in celebrating the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Slovenia's foreign policy priorities in the sphere of human rights include the rights of children, women and girls, older persons, persons with disabilities and LGBTI persons, the situation of ethnic and other minorities, the fight against all forms of racism and discrimination, the promotion of death penalty abolition, advocacy of the right to a safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment, access to clean drinking water and sanitation, and the promotion and strengthening of human rights education. Slovenia attaches special importance to enhancing the role of civil society. Slovenia pursues the above-mentioned priorities within the entire UN system, advocating a human rights-based approach. It is particularly active within the Third Committee of the UN General Assembly and as a member of the UN Human Rights Council in the 2016 – 2018 period. In 2018, the Permanent Representative of the Republic of Slovenia to the United Nations Office and other International Organisations in Geneva is serving as President of the UN Human Rights Council.
Within its priorities, Slovenia will continue to advocate gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls, also through strengthening the implementation of standards enabling women and girls to fully enjoy all human rights. Within the above framework, Slovenia is committed to the further intensification of efforts to implement the Women, Peace and Security Agenda as well as efforts to eliminate all forms of discrimination and violence against women.
Slovenia will continue to promote the protection and strengthening of the rights of the child, devoting special attention to issues related to violence against, and abuse of, children.
Slovenia attaches particular importance to enhancing the protection and enforcement of the rights of older persons, and will strive to strengthen the international legal framework for protecting their rights, the elimination of age-based discrimination and for inclusion of older persons. Furthermore, it will continue its efforts for strengthening human rights education and training within the Platform for Human Rights Education, particularly through concrete projects aimed at promoting the rights of the child, including within global education.
Slovenia will remain an active supporter of the responsibility to protect concept, as well as a promoter of universal human rights for everyone everywhere.
The rule of law and the strengthening the international legal system
Slovenia will advocate consistent respect for international law and the strengthening of the international legal system as the best guarantee of international peace and security. It will strive for respect for, and strengthening of, the rule of law at the national and international levels, including mechanisms for peaceful settlement of disputes, as well as respect for the decisions of international courts and international arbitration tribunals.
Slovenia will support efforts to end impunity for perpetrators of the most serious crimes and the work of the International Criminal Court, and will promote its universality. It will also continue to advocate enhanced cooperation between the International Criminal Court and the United Nations, particularly with the UN Security Council. In this context, Slovenia will promote the effective implementation of the principle of complementarity, including the initiative for the adoption of a new Multilateral Treaty for Mutual Legal Assistance and Extradition for Domestic Prosecution of the Most Serious International Crimes (MLA Initiative).
It will actively participate in the consideration of the annual report of the International Law Commission (ILC).
It will call for consistent respect for international humanitarian law and the protection of civilians in armed conflict.
Slovenia will continue its efforts aimed at implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development at the national, regional and global levels, focusing on building partnerships with a variety of development stakeholders, particularly civil society, private sector and international organisations that can contribute to meeting Slovenia's priority targets in the sphere of development cooperation and humanitarian assistance.
In keeping with the thematic priorities of its development cooperation and humanitarian assistance, Slovenia will advocate gender mainstreaming and women's empowerment, and continue to underline the need for policy coherence for sustainable development. It will strive for the eradication of poverty, building of peaceful and inclusive societies, good governance, equal opportunities, quality education and sustainable management of natural resources. In this context, Slovenia will advocate continued implementation of the Paris Climate Agreement, participate in initiatives to strengthen climate commitments and support efforts to understand the link between security and climate change within the UN.
In the sphere of humanitarian assistance, Slovenia will promote endeavours to achieve predictable, regular and timely responses to humanitarian crises. It will honour the commitments made at the World Humanitarian Summit and at the time of joining the Call to Action on Protection from Gender-Based Violence in Emergencies.
Slovenia will continue to carry out activities related to the Addis Ababa Action Agenda on Financing for Development, focusing on the development potential of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises, which are considered to be the key drivers of sustainable development and major players in the fight against poverty.
Slovenia will promote dialogue to improve the efficiency of the United Nations and solidarity in facing global challenges. It will also strive for an integrated approach to addressing development, humanitarian and climate challenges, as well as those associated with peacebuilding and security.
Slovenia supports the plans of UN Secretary-General Guterres to reform the UN development system, which would contribute to the more efficient implementation of the 2030 Agenda.
Since the adoption of the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants in September 2016, Slovenia has been paying special attention to the development of global compacts on migrants and refugees, and has been actively participating in all phases of the process of the preparation of a global compact on migration. In addition, it has regularly been attending the official consultations concerning the global compact on refugees.
International peace and security, and preventive diplomacy
Slovenia will support the Secretary-General's proposals for a reform of the UN security architecture, peacekeeping operations and implementation of measures to enhance the efficiency of these operations. In particular, Slovenia commends his efforts to mobilize all partners towards a more efficient peacekeeping of the UN through his "Action for Peacekeeping" initiative.
Slovenia will raise awareness of the need for greater synergy between peace and security, development and humanitarian assistance as well as human rights, and at the same time advocate enhanced cooperation with regional actors that can contribute to the common efforts to maintain global peace and security. In the latter context, priority will be given to women, peace and security, as well as to the role of the young in peacebuilding. Slovenia will continue to honour its commitments, including the commitment to prevent and eliminate sexual exploitation and abuse in peacekeeping operations and missions.
It will continue to devote attention to efforts addressing factors that may lead to terrorism, violent extremism and radicalisation. Slovenia expects the recently created Counter-Terrorism Office headed by the UN Under-Secretary-General to operate efficiently.
Slovenia will continue to support efforts to stop the proliferation and the use of weapons of mass destruction by both state and non-state actors, also through the implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1540. Due to the recent repeated uses of chemical weapons, it will devote particular attention to the implementation of the Chemical Weapons Convention and to establishing the mechanism for attribution of the use of chemical weapons.
It will actively support the significance, universality and implementation of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and strive for entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, thus contributing to gradual nuclear disarmament.
Slovenia will continue to support the implementation of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction (Ottawa Convention), also through the work of ITF Enhancing Human Security, as well as other legally binding instruments in the field of conventional arms and control over exports of strategic goods.
It will support the endeavours of the UN Secretary-General for greater role of preventive diplomacy. It has traditionally supported efforts to intensify conflict prevention and the peaceful resolution of conflicts, as well as to strengthen UN mediation activities and to further encourage the use of mediation and capacity building at the national, regional and international levels. In addition, it will advocate enhanced resilience of societies, early warning and early actions with the aim of preventing mass atrocities. Slovenia will also strive for the sustainable use of water, seas and oceans, and emphasise the importance of cross-border cooperation on water management for peace and security, which is one of the aspects included also in the Report of the Global High-Level Panel on Water and Peace.